A word is not the same as the thing it represents, only a representation of it, meant to convey information about it. For e.g. the word 'Castle' is not the same as a Castle. This is obvious. Similarly, a map of a place is not the same as the place itself, it is only a map of it. This is also obvious. An academic paper published at a conference or journal is not scholarship! It is a presentation of the scholarship. The scholarship itself is the research work. Somehow, this is not so obvious to a lot of people.